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Shandong Jining

Shandong Jining – Hometown of Confucius and Mencius

Jining lies in the southwest part of Shandong and is comprised of 12 counties and cities made up of about 8 million people and featuring a varied landscape of gorgeous lakes, wetlands, lush mountains, and vast farm lands. These stunning natural surroundings were the home and inspiration of world-renowned philosopher and educator Confucius. His saga laid a foundation for Chinese culture that impacts daily lives of Chinese people still today.

Jining is considered the holy land of Chinese culture; it is the birthplace of China’s five “saints” of philosophy, Confucius, Mencius, Zengzi, Yanhui, and Zisi. Other interesting destinations in Jinin include The Grand Canal of China, which contributed to Jining’s commercial prosperity and brought in diverse lifestyles; the Weishan Lake wetland, home to hundreds of rare species of birds and wildlife; and Xinglong Cultural Park featuring some of Asia’s largest Buddhist temples designed in contemporary architecture

The novel Outlaws of Marsh, also known as The Water Margin was written about Jining. Not only one of the top four Chinese literary marvels but also the most popular novel read by young adults in China, the story is based on the local sagas of Mt. Liang and Dongping Lake.

But the most popular tourist site in all of Jining is Qufu City, a UNESCO historical site. This is the capital of Lu Kingdom and hometown of Confucius. Confucius Mansion, Confucius Temple, and the 2,500-year-old Confucius family cemetery called Confucius Forest are three places that will give you the chance to gain tremendous insights into the life of this great philosopher and educator. Born in 551 B.C., he tirelessly advocated benevolent governance, education without discrimination, and most significantly, the idea of social hierarchy that became the ultimate foundation upon which China’s political stability is built and social harmony is achieved.

If Shandong is where you can discover real China today, then Jining is a place for you to uncover what brings the Chinese people together as a nation.

Shandong Jining
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Shandong Jining Map

Shandong Jining: Can't Miss

  • http://www.travelshandong.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/Jining-Qufu-min-600x400.png
    Front Gate of Confucius' Mansion

    All people in China celebrate Confucius’ birthday on September 28, which happens to coincide with China’s Teachers Day.

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    Confucius Temple

    Confucianism has been very influential in Chinese culture, and Qufu is the birthplace of Confucius. The Confucius temple built in his honor is the largest and most well known throughout China. Many Confucians travel there on Confucius’ birthday. The temple is made up of a group of large buildings built in the traditional architectural style. It is one of the largest ancient architectural complexes in China. In 478 BC the Confucius Temple was only composed of three houses. It was rebuilt and redecorated during the Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties. It was modeled after a royal palace which was divided into nine courtyards.

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    Confucius Family Mansion

    To the east of the Confucius Temple lies the Confucius Family Mansion. In terms of size and scope, it is only second to the royal palaces of the Ming and Qing dynasties. The mansion takes up 39 acres and has 463 buildings such as halls, pavilions, and towers. It contains luxurious decorations and furnishings along with priceless cultural relics. The mansion, cemetery, and temple were named as World Cultural Heritage buildings in 1994.

  • Confucius Cemetery

    The Confucius Cemetery is located 1 kilometer (0.62 miles) outside of Qufu. It has the longest line of descendants in the world; records state the cemetery has lasted for 2,340 years.

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    Confucius Six Arts City

    Showcasing the life as well as the teaching and thinking of Confucius, visitors can get a true education at this beautiful architectural complex. In the Mathematics Hall, tourists can use electronic game machines to solve math puzzles. Then travel to the music, archery, calligraphy, and driving, and ritual halls. These were the six arts that needed to be mastered in order to be considered a fully educated individual in ancient times. After visiting these halls, tourists can gain an understanding of pre-Qin culture. Ancient dances are also performed every day.

  • http://www.travelshandong.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/Jining-Yan-Temple-600x400.jpg
    Yan Temple

    Built in honor of Yan Hui, Confucius’ favorite student, the temple was built during the Han Dynasty. The buildings are divided into east, west, and central parts, with five courtyards housing 500 ancient trees.

Shandong Jining Attractions

  • Baoxiang Temple
    Baoxiang Temple

    An older Buddhist temple, and one of the best preserved in the region. The best time to stop by is during the annual Buddha Light Festival.

  • Kong Family Mansion

    Originally the home of Confucius himself, the mansion has since been used as the residence of his descendants. More than 77 generations have lived on these premises and it has grown to 463 buildings to house them and serve other functions. It is believed that there are currently over 3 million descendants of Confucius living in the world today.

    Tip: Be sure to see the different exhibitions in the mansion, which contain works and relics from the many dynasties of the past.

  • Xinglong Cultural Park
    Xinglong Cultural Park

    Xinglong Cultural Park is located in Yanzhou City, which is 20 minutes by car from Qufu’s bullet train station. Standing in front of this Buddhist themed grand, contemporary architectural marvel itself, will render you speechless. The ripple-less pond in front of the building symbolizes the peace of mind in meditation; the grand four Buddhas facing each direction in the 118 m tall temple conveys the supremacy of Buddhist power. Content displayed explains the belief of all branches of Buddhism; the artwork of paintings, sculptures, and embroideries inside are works of nationally acclaimed artists. The highlight of the park is the 54 pieces of sarira found nearby the original Xinglong Temple built in Song Dynasty. Those sariras are believed to come from ashes of Sakyamuni cremation, the sage and ancestor of Buddha. They were recovered in 2008 from thieves who dug a tunnel into the basement of the original Xinglong Tower from across street. The thieves spent time researching historical records and executed a detailed plan. They were caught when in transit to Japan in 2008. All of them are still serving jail terms. This amazing discovery is featured in a documentary by the China National Television and National Geographic.

  • Grand Canal of China
    Grand Canal of China

    The Grand Canal of China. Weishan Lake is the largest fresh water lake in northern China. It is about 16,000 acres and the Grand Canal of China runs through the lake. At the northern end of the lake, you will find Mt. Liang. This is the place where the story of a 108 legendary heroes, are depicted vividly in China’s top master novel, the Outlaws of Marshall. Governments fund heritage projects to protect otherwise disappearing craftsmanship. Weishan Lake is also a heroic place for China’s guerrilla warfare against the Japanese invasion in World War II. Japan’s canal transportations were ambushed repeatedly by guerrillas led by the army of Communist China. Reenactment of such historical events can be seen at this theme park.

  • Qufu—the Hometown of Confucius
    Qufu—the Hometown of Confucius

    During the Shang Dynasty (c. 16th-11th century B.C.), Qufu belonged to Yan State; and in the Zhou Dynasty (11th century-221 B.C.), it was the state of Lu. Since ancient times, Qufu has had a flourishing culture and has given birth to a number of celebrities. The Yellow Emperor, the founder of the Chinese nation, was born in Shouqiu in Qufu, and Emperor Shaohaowas buried in Shouqiu. At the end of the Spring and the Autumn period, Confucius (551-479 B.C.), a great thinker, politician, and educator, was born in southeast Qufu and spent all his life here.

    Confucius set up the oldest forum of China; and founded Confucianism, which has exerted profound significance in China around the world. Thanks to its time-honored cultural status, Qufu contains a large number of important historical monuments and cultural relics, such as the mansion, temple, and cemetery of Confucius, which have been included in the World Cultural Heritage List, the ancient city of Lu State, the ancient city of the Ming Dynasty, Yan Temple, Lord Zhou Temple, and Shaohao Mausoleum. With its majestic city walls, solemn temples, and lushly growing ancient cypresses, Qufu invites visitors to reflect on ancient China.

  • The Mansion of Confucius
    The Mansion of Confucius

    This is the mansion of the Yansheng Dukes, the oldest male direct descendants of Confucius. This title and rank were conferred by emperors to the direct descendants of Confucius as a respect to him. The Confucius Mansion is the largest family mansion and the second largest building cluster in China after the Palace Museum in Beijing. Through routine expansion since the Ming Dynasty, it now has nine rows of courtyards and 480 rooms, totaling 1.2 km2 in size. Scholarship, social hierarchy, and humanity are regarded the highest family values of Confucius, and imperial calligraphies and family codes of conduct are displayed everywhere. Family record archives and collections of family cookware and costumes are occasionally on display. With advanced notice, you will be able to meet with the 76th great-grandson of Confucius, who is a well-known painter and calligrapher in the town.con

  • The Cemetery of Confucius

    The largest family cemetery in the world with more than 10,000 tombs in the 200,000-meter area, only the eldest son of the male decedents in The Kong family have the right to be buried in this cemetery. So far, there are no female tombs at the cemetery. It earned its name as Confucius Forest thanks to the 42,000 trees at the cemetery. There is one tree in particular planted by Zigong, a favorite student of Confucius, and a hut where he spent six years mourning his teacher’s death. It is also listed by UNESCO as a world heritage.

    Open: April to November: 7:00-18:00; and December to March: 8:00-17:00
    It takes one or two hours to tour the cemetery.

  • The Exhibition Hall of Steles of the Han and Wei Dynasties

    The Exhibition Hall of Steles of the Han and Wei Dynasties is located at Xicang in the garden of the Mansion of Confucius. Qufu is one of the three major forests of steles in China, and ranks first in the number of Han steles in the country. In the hall, visitors can find stone carvings and rubbings of the Western and Eastern Han Dynasties, tablet inscriptions of the Northern Dynasty and Sui Dynasty, of which Yiying, Liqi, Shichen and Kongyu tablets represent the highest level of Han calligraphy, and the Zhang Menglong Tablet regarded as the symbol of the stele calligraphy art of the Wei Dynasty.

  • Ruins of Ancient Lu State
    Ruins of Ancient Lu State

    The ruins of the state of Lu are located in the old city area of Qufu. In the early Western Zhou Dynasty (c. 11th century-770 B.C.), King Wu of the Zhou Dynasty granted the Lu area to his younger brother Lord Zhou Dan. Lord Zhou helped King Wu administer the country, and later his eldest son, Baiqin, founded State Lu, with Qufu as the capital. The state of Lu lasted over 900 years, and the title of duke of the state was passed on and inherited for 34 generations. Qufu served as longest-running capital of all duke states in the Zhou Dynasty. Today, visitors can still see the broken walls, ruined city gates, streets, palaces, and rooms. The ruins of some handicraft workshops for making pottery, bone products, and smelting iron, and those of civilian residences can be found nearby. There are many tombs, from which a large number of precious cultural relics were excavated. Originally, there were over 300 places of historic interest, of which over 50 have been well preserved.

  • The City Wall of the Ming Dynasty
    The City Wall of the Ming Dynasty

    Constructed in 1513 to protect the Temple of Confucius, the Ming city wall features five gates. It presents the unusual features of the ancient city of Qufu. In 1987, the moat was renovated, and a green belt was constructed to surround the old city.

  • Shouqiu
    Shouqiu

    Shouqiu was the birthplace of Yellow Emperor, the founder of the Chinese nation. In the Yuan and Ming Dynasties, Jingling Palace was constructed here to worship Yellow Emperor but later was destroyed in war. Today, a park sits on the archaeological site with along with the tallest stone tablets in China.

  • Shaohao Mausoleum
    Shaohao Mausoleum

    Located in the northeast of Jiuxian Village east of Qufu City is the mausoleum of Shaohao, one of the five legendary emperors of China. The mausoleum was constructed with 10,000 stones in the shape of a pyramid, hence the name the “Pyramid of China,” or the “Hill of Ten Thousand Stones.” In the mausoleum, visitors can find several dozens of stone tablets recording the sacrificial rites of the past ages, and a wordless tablet titled “Worries of 10,000 People.”

  • Nishan Hill
    Nishan Hill

    Legend has it that Confucius was born here. Today, tourists can find the Confucius Cave, Chuanshang Pavilion, Nishan Academy, Nishan Confucius Temple, and other historical sites in the hill.

  • Lord Zhou Temple

    Lord Zhou was a famous politician of ancient China. The fourth son of King Wen of the Zhou Dynasty, he assisted King Wu of Zhou in putting down Zhou twice, and ruled the country with ceremony, propriety, and music. In 1013 (the sixth year of the Dazong Xiangfu reign period of Emperor Zhenzong of the Song Dynasty) he was named as Prince Xian after his death, and the emperor issued a decree that a temple to Lord Zhou be constructed on the old site of the Imperial Ancestral Temple.

    Lord Zhou Temple was renovated time and again in the Song, Yuan, Ming, and Qing Dynasties. Today, the temple includes nearly 30 halls and rooms, and three courtyards. All the halls, pavilions and memorial archways in the temple were constructed in the Ming and Qing Dynasties, in addition to 35 tablets set up during the Song, Yuan, Ming, and Qing Dynasties.

  • Yan Temple
    Yan Temple

    Built in honor of Yan Hui, Confucius’ favorite student, the temple was built during the Han Dynasty. The buildings are divided into east, west, and central parts, with five courtyards housing 500 ancient trees.

  • Cemetery of Mencius’ Mother
    Cemetery of Mencius’ Mother

    Lying in Nanfu Village, the cemetery covers an area of almost a hundred acres. Mencius’ mother, whose surname is Zhang, was buried here, hence the name. Later, it became a cemetery of the Meng clan.  Mencius’ Mother was good at educating her son, having moved three times to find a good and educated neighbor for her son, In the Ming Dynasty, she was granted an honorable title.

    The 2000-year-old cemetery has numerous tombs scattered in and at the foot of the mountain and lushly grows pine and cypress trees. The tomb of Mencius’ mother sits behind a hall. In front of her tomb, there is a stone tablet, an altar, and stone incense burners.

  • Cemetery of Lord Liang

    To the north of Fangshan Hill, east of the old city of Qufu, sits this cemetery, which is the resting place of Confucius’ father, Shu Lianghe and Yan Zhi. Because of his honorable son, Shu Lianghe was named as Duke of the state of Qi, and in the Yuan Dynasty, the Enlightenment Sage King. In front of the tomb of Confucius’ parents stand stone figures and animals. Confucius’ elder brother Mengpi was also buried here.

  • Han Tombs in Nine Dragon Mountain

    Located on the precipices at the southern foot of Nine Dragon sit five Han tombs displaying the layout of the palace of Lu State. Though the tombs are over 1,900 years old, visitors can still clearly see the carving traces today.

  • Temple of Mencius
    Temple of Mencius

    Also known as the Sacred Temple, the Temple of Mencius is located in Nanguan, Zoucheng City, and is where the emperors of the past ages offered sacrifices to Mencius. With the Second Sage Hall as the center, this rectangle temple has five courtyards, 64 halls, two Imperial tablet pavilions, one wooden memorial archway, and over 350 tablets. The temple also includes a tablet to Mencius’ mother as well as ancient and lush large trees. A huge Chinese scholartree grows out of an ancient cypress—a miracle indeed.

  • Mansion of Mencius
    Mansion of Mencius

    Located in Zoucheng City, this is where the descendants of Mencius lived and handled official affairs. This mansion used to be a yamen (aka: ancient Chinese. It means government), and later became a residence. It features 116 halls and rooms and is one of the best-preserved ancient architectures in China. Today, it contains a large number of excavated cultural relics, and the antiques left by the Mansion of Mencius.

  • Cemetery of Mencius
    Cemetery of Mencius

    During the Kangxi reign period of the Qing Dynasty, this cemetery covered an area of 6.67 million square meters. In front of the cemetery, there is a sacred road, leading to the gate of Enjoyment Hall. Behind the hall is the tomb of Mencius, and about 300 meters from there is the tomb for Meng Sun, Ji Sun, and Shu Sun. Today, the cemetery has over 10,000 luxuriantly growing cypress trees, which were all planted in the Ming and Qing Dynasties.

    Travel tips: The admission ticket for each tourist is five yuan. After a tour of the Cemetery of Mencius, visitors may visit the Cemetery of Mencius’ Mother.

  • Prince Huang’s Mausoleum of the Ming Dynasty

    Lying at the southern foot of Nine Dragon Mountain is the tomb of Zhu Tan, the 10th son of Emperor Taizu, Zhu Yuanzhang who was the founder of the Ming Dynasty. When Zhu Tan was only two months old, his father gave him the title of Prince Lu. At the age of 15, Zhu Tan took reign. Four years later, he began to believe in superstitions. Soon afterwards, he took the so-called elixirs of life by mistake and died. Zhu Yuanzhang was so angry, he named him Prince Huang (Fool). The tomb chamber of Prince Huang and 12 descendants lies here along with a large number of cultural relics. Today, over 1,000 funerary objects are well preserved, many of which are rare treasures in China.

  • Yishan Mountain
    Yishan Mountain

    Known in ancient China as Zouyi Mountain, or Zhuyi Mountain, Yishan Mountain is a world-renowned historical and cultural mountain of China. Emperor Qin Shihuang, the first emperor of the Qin Dynasty, took the lead to come to Yishan Mountain to sacrifices heaven and earth. The emperors of the later dynasties followed suit, and famous men of letters vied with each other for a chance to come and admire the mountain. They left a large number of poems, articles, and inscriptions, and places of historic interest in the mountain, thus forming a spectacular Yishan culture.

  • Jining Iron Pagoda

    Located in the center of Jining City, the iron pagoda is a key historical monument under state protection. In accordance with her husband’s unfulfilled wish, the wife of Xu Yong’an had this pagoda cast with pig iron. Originally this iron pagoda had seven stories. In 1581 (the ninth year of the Wanli reign period of the Ming Dynasty), two stories were added. On the body of the pagoda, there is an inscription in regular script, reading: “Lady Chang had the pagoda cast according to her husband’s unfulfilled wish in the Yiyou year of the Chongning reign period of the Song Dynasty.”

  • Shengyuan Tower

    Located on Iron Pagoda Temple Road, Jining City, Shengyuan Tower was first constructed in the Song Dynasty, and reconstructed in 1353 (the 13th year of the Zhizheng reign period of the Yuan Dynasty), and renovated in 1460. Visitors climb the tower, where there is a huge iron bell in the tower cast during the Song Dynasty.

  • The Wus Shrine

    The Wus Shrine lies at the foot of Wuzhai Mountain in Jiaxiang County. In the temple, a stone inscription records that in the Eastern Han Dynasty the Wus of Jiaxiang County served as officials for generations. In 147 (the first year of the Jianhe reign period of Huan Emperor), the descendants of the Wus built this shrine in front of the tombs. In the shrine, visitors can find stone watchtowers, stone lions, tombstones, and portraits. Ouyang Xiu, a famous writer, and Zhao Mingcheng, an expert of inscriptions, of the Song Dynasty, wrote articles on the Wus Shrine. Today, it is a key historical monument under state protection.

  • Liangshan Mountain in the Marsh

    Legend has it that at the end of the Northern Song Dynasty, Liangshan was the base area of a peasants’ uprising army led by Song Jiang as described in the classical novel The Outlaws of the Marsh. According to historical records, in the Northern Song Dynasty, Liangshan Mountain was a low-lying area. When the Yellow River overflowed its bank, the mountain was surrounded by a vast water area. In the mountain, there are many historical sites left by Song Jiang and his men, such as Song Jiang Stockade, Loyalty, and Righteousness Hall, Heifengkou, and Apricot Village. Today, visitors can also view the renovated gate, Song JiangHorse Way, Duanjin Pavilion, a statue of Li Kui at Heifengkou, Loyalty, and Righteousness Hall on Tiger Head Peak, and Jingzhong Temple, which houses the statues of 108 generals of the marsh.

    Travel tips: The best season for viewing flowers is during March when thousands of fragrant apricot trees are in full bloom.

  • Confucius Six Arts City
    Confucius Six Arts City

    Showcasing the life as well as the teaching and thinking of Confucius, visitors can get a true education at this beautiful architectural complex. In the Mathematics Hall tourists can use electronic game machines to solve math puzzles. Then travel to the music, archery, calligraphy, and driving, and ritual halls. These were the six arts that needed to be mastered in order to be considered a fully educated individual in ancient times. After visiting these halls, tourists can gain an understanding of pre-Qin culture. Ancient dances are also performed every day.

  • Confucius Temple

    Previously a residence, the space is now converted to a huge temple compound commemorating the life of Confucius. You will find a large apricot tree, under which Confucius is said to have lectured to 3,000 of his disciples. The Grand Hall of the Confucius Temple is among the top three grand halls in China and is an architectural marvel as it was built without a single nail! The nine ornamental animals on the roof and the 10 grand pillars used in front of the hall are second only to the Imperial Palace in Beijing. Numerous documentations are inscribed onto stone tablets all over the estate. In front of the Grand Hall, the annual celebration commemorating Confucius’ birthday takes place on September 28th. This day is also China’s National Teachers Day when thousands of students come to Confucius’ Temple to attend all kinds of celebratory events.

  • Confucius Feast

    Your visit to Confucius’ hometown will not be complete without a formal Confucius meal, an enjoyable and affordable experience. Historical recipes are kept intact to ensure authenticity, and Confucius doctrines of seniority are utilized during the whole dining process including table seating, toast sequence, speech expectation, and table manners. Watch your Chinese host before seating yourself and toast when being indicated. Don’t worry if you get confused — it takes years to fully understand Confucius’ table manners and culinary culture.

  • Xinglong Cultural Park

    Located in Yanzhou City, this grand, Buddhist-themed architectural marvel will render you speechless. The ripple-less pond in front of the building symbolizes the peace of mind in meditation; the grand four Buddhas facing each direction in the 118 m tall temple convey the supremacy of Buddhist power. Inside, paintings, sculptures, and embroideries by nationally acclaimed artists are displayed. The highlight of the park is the 54 pieces of sarira found nearby the original Xinglong Temple built in Song Dynasty. Those sariras are believed to come from ashes of Sakyamuni cremation, the sage and ancestor of Buddha. They were recovered in 2008 from thieves who dug a tunnel into the basement of the original Xinglong Tower from across the street. The thieves spent time researching historical records and executed a detailed plan. They were caught when in transit to Japan in 2008. All of them are still serving jail terms.

  • Endless Colors Ecological Health Tourism Resort:

    This is a contemporary resort of 7.3 km2 features 26 lakes, more than 200 varieties of plants, miles of biking, hiking, walking trails, and nine “townships” consisting of five-star hotels, American and European style townhomes for rental and/or purchase, camping sites, RV sites, cabins, mobile homes, and water cabins. This is an ideal place to be totally immersed in nature. Stay here for a week and make day trips to Qufu, Mt. Tai, and Taierzhuang.

Shandong Jining Activities

  • Yishan Mountain
    Yishan Mountain

    Come see the “majestic mountain of Shandong”, from which four rivers (Wen, Mi, Qi, and Shu) spring forth. The area is named and protected as a national forest, due to the ancient temples and gorgeous landscape that occupy it. Though the peak is 1,032 meters above sea level, the ancient Great Wall of Qi was built up to the top.

  • Weishan Lake
    Weishan Lake

    Though the largest lake in all of Shandong, its fame stems from the beauty of the lake. Lotus flowers float on the surface, covering the lake. In summer, the flowers bloom and create a sight too extravagant to describe in words.

  • Apricot Altar Theater
    Apricot Altar Theater

    Located in the Qufu New Confucianism Central Area, the theater can hold audiences as large as 3,000 people. Watching performances in the theater, audiences can have a cross-time dialogue with Confucius. The theatre represents the architecture of Qufu and is the largest and most magnificent theater in the areas north of the Yangtze River. Every evening, large-scale song and dance performances named The Sage’s Dream at the Apricot Altar are performed.

  • Six Classical Arts City
    Six Classical Arts City

    Located in Qufu, Six Classical Arts City, this year-round venue features ancient music and dances to display the six classical arts upheld by Confucius (rites, music, archery, riding, writing, and arithmetic), to advocate extensive and profound Confucian culture, and present a benevolent, auspicious, and peaceful scene.

    Address: 15 Chunqiu Road, Qufu
    Tel: 0537-4494810

Shandong Jining Shopping

  • Rubbings from Stone Inscriptions
    Rubbings from Stone Inscriptions

    Qufu has over 5,000 steles of ancient China after the Western Han Dynasty. The Temple of Confucius mainly houses the tablets of the Han, Wei, and Northern Dynasties, of which the Liqi, Shchen, Yiying, Kongzhou, and Zhangmenglong tablets are the most famous. In addition, Qufu boasts rubbings of the inscriptions by famous calligraphers of the past ages, such as Mi Fu, Zhao Mengfu, Dong Qichang, Weng Fanggang, and HeShaoji. In the antique shop of the Mansion of Confucius, visitors can find the rubbings of these famous calligraphers.

  • Wine
    Wine

    Delicious white wine is made locally in Jining using spring waters from Qufu. Stop by at the San Kong to pick up a bottle!

  • Nishan Ink Slabs

    Ink stones produced with stones from Nishan Mountain are called Nishan Ink Slabs. Orange in color, the stones have uneven light black lines. Because of wind erosion, the stones have many layers on the edge, hence the name “1,000-layer cake.” The stones are solid, fine, moist, smooth, and ideal for making ink slabs.

  • Shopping Streets and Firms

    The main shopping streets of Jining include Qufu Queli Small Commodity Street, Five Horse Temple Street, and Qufu Antique Shop.

  • Qufu Queli Small Commodity Street
    Qufu Queli Small Commodity Street

    Located on the eastern side of the Temple of Confucius, the street features nearly 1,000 stalls, mainly selling the statues of Confucius, books by Confucius, food prepared by the Mansion of Confucius, rubbings, calligraphy, paintings, jade objects, ink slabs, pottery and porcelain, handicrafts, clothes, calligraphy, paintings, wood carvings, and jewelry.

  • Qufu Antique Shop

    Located in the middle of Gulou Street, the shop sells mainly calligraphy, painting, jade objects, ink slabs, pottery, porcelain, ivory, bamboo, wood carvings, and rubbings of Han stone frescoes, and Han and Wei tablets in the Temple of Confucius.

Local Delicacies

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    Confucius’ Mansion Cuisine

    As one of the three major branches of Shandong cuisine, Confucius’ Mansion Cuisine is the typical official style of China, integrating all the characteristics of the cuisines of south and north China. Some dishes of Confucius’ Mansion Cuisine are prepared with rare and precious materials, such as edible bird’s nests, shark fins, and bear’s paws. Confucius’ Mansion Cuisine also includes some dishes prepared with common vegetables, such as bean curd, bean sprouts, and spinach. Famous vegetable dishes include Guota Bean Curd, Bean Curd with Flat Food, Bean Sprouts Spread with Edible Oil, and Sesame and Spinach. The Mansion of Confucius attaches great importance to cooking techniques.

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    Confucius’ Mansion Cakes

    The Mansion of Confucius has a time-honored history of preparing cakes, which show complex techniques and deep, profound cultural references and characteristics. In the past, the cakes prepared by the Mansion of Confucius fell into two categories—some were for the family only; and the others were used as tributes, gifts, and awards. In the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the Mansion of Confucius often presented meticulously made cakes, such as Stir-fried Cake with Jujubes (Chanshou Crisp Cake) to the imperial family. Gradually a wide variety of high-quality cakes were created along with the development of cooking techniques. The cakes prepared by the Mansion of Confucius are vibrant in color, fragrant, and taste, and are often paired with special kinds of soup.

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    Kongfujia (Confucius’ Mansion) Wine

    In accordance with The Analects of Confucius, Zhuang Zi, and The Book of Odes, Kongfujia Wine is brewed with traditional and unusual techniques. The wine is gentle, sweet, and fragrant and offers a long aftertaste.

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    Yutang Pickles

    The unique tasting sauce and pickles produced by Jining Yutang Pickles Shop enjoy popularity throughout China. In ancient times, pickled melons, eggplants, cucumbers, fish, and crabs were regularly sent to the imperial palace as tributes for emperors and the imperial family to enjoy. Today, Yutang-brand pickles are made with high-quality ingredients and traditional techniques.

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    Weishan Lake Fish Banquet

    The fish banquet first appeared between the late Ming and the early Qing Dynasties. All the dishes served at the banquet were prepared with fresh fish from Weishan Lake. With well-selected seasonings and garnishes, fish dishes are cooked, steamed, stewed, stir-fried, or braised and come in various flavors including sweet, sour, spicy, and salty. All are delicious and pleasant-tasting with clear or milky soup. The most famous courses include “King Chu Bids Farewell to His Concubine,” “Picking Chrysanthemums at Dongle,” “Spring Silkworm Without Silk,” “The Carp Jumping over a Dragon Gate,” and “Qianlong Fish Strips.”

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    Ma Duck on Snow

    Also called Fragrant and Crisp Duck, Ma Duck on Snow offers brown and tender meat that makes it the most famous dish of Weishan Lake. A medium-sized duck raised in Weishan Lake is selected, steamed, and then fried. Salted and fermented soy paste, pepper oil, and ground pepper mixed is then added to the prepared duck, and placed on a plate with steamed egg white.

    The local special products of Weishan Lake also include pickled fish, saturated crabs, hundred-year-old eggs, and salted duck eggs.

Shandong Jining Planning

Qufu, Zoucheng, Liangshan, Weishan, Jiaxiang, and Sishui all have convenient transport facilities by air, water, and land. They are linked by the Yanzhou-Jining and Jining-Heze railways; and are connected with the Beijing-Shanghai Railway in the east, the Beijing-Kowloon and Lianyungang-Lanzhou railways in the west, in addition to crisscrossed highways. Along the Grand Canal, tourists can go to any port on the Yangtze River. Scheduled flights also travel regularly from Jining to Beijing and to Foshan.

In addition, Jining, Qufu, Zoucheng, Weishan, and Liangshan offer special tourist routes. Tourist buses and public buses travel directly to all the tourist attractions, and taxis are available. Qufu also has horse-drawn carts in the style of the ancients and tricycles, an added delight in the ancient city.

Airline information: 0537-2315204
Train information: 0537-3462522
Bus information: 0537-2312351