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Shandong Jining
Shandong Jining – Hometown of Confucius and Mencius

More than 2500 years ago, undeniably the greatest Chinese philosopher and teacher walked the areas of Jining. Confucius established a sense of hierarchy and moral order in a time of great struggle and uncertainty. Today, despite the many wars and influences over the years, millions of people come back to pay their respects to the man who changed Chinese thought. In the nearby walled town of Qufu, you will find San Kong, or The Three Confucian sites. It is here that you can find the oldest Confucian temple, the Forest of Confucius, and the Kong Family Mansion. Of course, Jining pays homage to more than just China’s First Sage.

Due to a long history of conflict, Shandong remembers a great number of political and military leaders; Jining is no exception. Long ago, one of China’s four greatest novels was written about 108 men from this place. Known in English as Outlaws of the Marsh or All Men Are Brothers, Shui Hu is a story of the men that fought together to right social injustices and protect the people. They robbed the wealthy and spread that wealth among the poor – you could say it’s a story of China’s “Robin Hood + 107”. Come see their stronghold, where students still learn the art of Kung Fu!

Due to its special connection with Confucianism, Jining contains a great number of temples and antiquities built through time. A short visit here will plunge you into an ocean of China’s long history. However the beauty of Jining is not in the landscape or its relics; the beauty is in Confucianism. Think of all China as a book: each city, temple, and mountain are the words that tell its story. But Confucianism is the letters that make the language and the reading of the book possible. Without it, the rest are only pretty pictures. Our advice for any traveler: first understand Confucianism, and then you will understand China.

Local Delicacies
Confucius’ Mansion Cuisine

As one of the three major branches of Shandong cuisine, Confucius’ Mansion Cuisine is the typical official style of China, integrating all the characteristics of the cuisines of south and north China. Some dishes of Confucius’ Mansion Cuisine are prepared with rare and precious materials, such as edible bird’s nests, shark’s fin, and bear’s paws. Confucius’ Mansion Cuisine also includes some dishes prepared with common vegetables, such as bean curd, bean sprouts, and spinach. Famous vegetable dishes include: Guota Bean Curd, Bean Curd with Flat Food, Bean Sprouts Spread with Edible Oil, and Sesames and Spinach.The Mansion of Confucius attaches great importance to cooking techniques.

Confucius’ Mansion Cakes

The Mansion of Confucius has a time-honored history of preparing cakes, which show complex techniques, deep and profound cultural references and characteristics. In the past, the cakes prepared by the Mansion of Confucius fell into two categories—some were for the family only; and the others were used as tributes, gifts, and awards. In the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the Mansion of Confucius often presented meticulously made cakes, such as Stir-fried Cake with Jujubes (Chanshou Crisp Cake) to the imperial family. Gradually a wide variety of high-quality cakes were created along with the development of cooking techniques. The cakes prepared by the Mansion of Confucius are vibrant in color, fragrant, and tasty, and are often paired with special kinds of soup.

Kongfujia (Confucius’ Mansion) Wine

In accordance with The Analects of Confucius, Zhuang Zi, and The Book of Odes, Kongfujia Wine is brewed with traditional and unusual techniques. The wine is gentle, sweet, and fragrant and offers a long aftertaste.

Yutang Pickles

The unique tasting sauce and pickles produced by Jining Yutang Pickles Shop enjoy popularity throughout China. In ancient times, pickled melons, eggplants, cucumbers, fish, and crabs were regularly sent to the imperial palace as tributes for emperors and the imperial family to enjoy. Today, Yutang-brand pickles are made with high-quality ingredients and traditional techniques.

Weishan Lake Fish Banquet

The fish banquet first appeared between the late Ming and the early Qing Dynasties. All the dishes served at the banquet were prepared with fresh fish from Weishan Lake. With well-selected seasonings and garnishes, fish dishes are cooked, steamed, stewed, stir-fried, or braised and come in various flavors including sweet, sour, spicy, and salty. All are delicious and pleasant-tasting with clear or milky soup. The most famous courses include “King Chu Bids Farewell to His Concubine,” “Picking Chrysanthemums at Dongle,” “Spring Silkworm Without Silk,” “The Carp Jumping over a Dragon Gate,” and “Qianlong Fish Strips.”

Ma Duck on Snow

Also called Fragrant and Crisp Duck, Ma Duck on Snow offers brown and tender meat that makes it the most famous dish of Weishan Lake. A medium-sized duck raised in Weishan Lake is selected, steamed, and then fried. Salted and fermented soya paste, pepper oil, and ground pepper is then added to the prepared duck, and placed on a plate with steamed egg white.

The local special products of Weishan Lake also include pickled fish, saturated crabs, hundred-year-old eggs, and salted duck eggs.

Shandong Jining
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Shandong Jining Map
Shandong Jining: Can't Miss Events

Celebrated annually to honor the memory of China’s most influential thinker, this festival brings together people from across the world in the effort of establishing better relations.

Shandong Jining Attractions
Baoxing Temple

An older Buddhist temple, and one of the best preserved in the region. The best time to stop by is during the annual Buddha Light Festival.


This location is the basis for the novel Shui Hu, or Bandits of the Marsh. This story, in which 108 men assume the role of a Chinese Robin Hood, advocates the ideals of equality and responsibility. Come see the place where these men were said to come from, and the hundreds of students that learn Kung Fu today in their honor.

Kong Family Mansion

Originally the home of Confucius himself, the mansion has since been used as the residence of his descendants. More than 77 generations have lived on these premises, and has grown to 463 buildings to house them and serve other functions. It is believed that there are currently over 3 million descendants of Confucius living in the world today.

Tip: Be sure to see the different exhibitions in the mansion, which contain works and relics from the many dynasties of the past.

Ruins of the Lu State

The Lu state existed roughly 2500 years ago in what is now Shandong, though Lu is still used to represent the province. Just think of Lu (Shandong) cuisine… that’s where it comes from! Come and visit the remains of this great state, complete with temples, towers, walls, and palaces.

Shao Qiu

This is exalted as the birthplace of the legendary Yellow Emperor. The tallest stone tablets in China mark the location of his temple, which has unfortunately been all but destroyed over the years.

Shaohao Tomb

A stone pyramid marks the tomb of Shaohao, the son of the Yellow Emperor and one of the greatest emperors in China’s history. The pyramid of his tomb is renowned as the “Pyramid of China” and the “Hill of Ten Thousand Stones”.

Qufu—the Hometown of Confucius

During the Shang Dynasty (c. 16th-11th century B.C.), Qufu belonged to Yan State; and in the Zhou Dynasty (11th century-221 B.C.), it was the state of Lu. Since ancient times, Qufu has had a flourishing culture, and has given birth to a number of celebrities. The Yellow Emperor, the founder of the Chinese nation, was born in Shouqiu in Qufu, and Emperor Shaohaowas buried in Shouqiu. At the end of the Spring and the Autumn period, Confucius (551-479 B.C.), a great thinker, politician, and educator, was born in southeast Qufu, and spent all his life here.

Confucius set up the oldest forum of China; and founded Confucianism, which has exerted profound significance in China around the world. Thanks to its time-honored cultural status, Qufu contains a large number of important historical monuments and cultural relics, such as the mansion, temple, and cemetery of Confucius, which have been included in the World Cultural Heritage List, the ancient city of Lu State, the ancient city of the Ming Dynasty, Yan Temple, Lord Zhou Temple, and Shaohao Mausoleum. With its majestic city walls, solemn temples, and lushly growing ancient cypresses, Qufu invites visitors to reflect on ancient China.

The Mansion of Confucius

Located in the center of Qufu City, the Mansion of Confucius , also known as Master Yansheng’s Mansion, is the place where the descendants of Confucius lived and handled affairs. After the Han Dynasty, all the emperors of the later dynasties highly respected Confucius and bestowed titles to his descendants time and again. In 1055 (the second year of the Zhihe reign period of the Northern Song Dynasty), the 46th generation male descendant of Confucius was given the title “Master Yansheng.” The title was passed down to the 77th generation male descendant of Confucius until the Republic of China, extending 880 years. Constructed in 1377 (the 10th year of the Hongwu reign period of the Ming Dynasty), the Mansion of Confucius features nine courtyards along the three routes. All the furniture and interior decorations in the mansion are placed in accordance with the original arrangement. It is a typical architecture of the feudal society, integrating offices and residences, and is a magnificent noble’s residence (compared only to the former Imperial Palace in Beijing), hence the name the “Number One residence on earth.”

Open: 8:00-17:00 everyday; on May Day or National Day, 7:00-18:00; at the Spring Festival, 9:00-16:00.

The Cemetery of Confucius

Also known as the Cemetery of the Popular Sage or the Cemetery of the Greatest Sage, this special cemetery for Confucius and his descendants is to the northern gate of Qufu. The cemetery has a 2,400-year history after the disciples of Confucius buried their teacher there in 479 (the 16thyear of the Lord Ai reign of Lu State). There are over 100,000 tombs of the descendants of Confucius in the cemetery, in addition to the front gate, second gate, and stone bridge. Outside of the front gate stands Confucius woods, where a large number of gravestones and tablets, and over 100,000 trees can be found. It is the largest, oldest, and best-preserved family cemetery and the largest man-made garden in China.

Open: April to November: 7:00-18:00; and December to March: 8:00-17:00
It takes one or two hours to tour the cemetery.

The Exhibition Hall of Steles of the Han and Wei Dynasties

The Exhibition Hall of Steles of the Han and Wei Dynasties is located at Xicang in the garden of the Mansion of Confucius. Qufu is one of the three major forests of steles in China, and ranks first in the number of Han steles in the country. In the hall, visitors can find stone carvings and rubbings of the Western and Eastern Han Dynasties, tablet inscriptions of the Northern Dynasty and Sui Dynasty, of which Yiying, Liqi, Shichen and Kongyu tablets represent the highest level of Han calligraphy, and the Zhang Menglong Tablet regarded as the symbol of the stele calligraphy art of the Wei Dynasty.

Ruins of Ancient Lu State

The ruins of the state of Lu are located in the old city area of Qufu. In the early Western ZhouDynasty (c. 11th century-770 B.C.), King Wu of the Zhou Dynasty granted the Lu area to his younger brother Lord Zhou Dan. Lord Zhou helped King Wu administer the country, and later his eldest son, Baiqin, founded State Lu, with Qufu as the capital. The state of Lu lasted over 900 years, and the title of duke of the state was passed on and inherited for 34 generations.Qufu served as longest-running capital of all duke states in the Zhou Dynasty. Today, visitors can still see the broken walls, ruined city gates, streets, palaces, and rooms. The ruins of some handicraft workshops for making pottery, bone products, and smelting iron, and those of civilian residences can be found nearby. There are many tombs, from which a large number of precious cultural relics were excavated. Originally, there were over 300 places of historic interest, of which over 50 have been well preserved.

The City Wall of the Ming Dynasty

Constructed in 1513 to protect the Temple of Confucius, the Ming city wall features five gates. It presents the unusual features of the ancient city of Qufu. In 1987, the moat was renovated, and a green belt was constructed to surround the old city.


Shouqiu was the birthplace of Yellow Emperor, the founder of the Chinese nation. In the Yuan and Ming Dynasties, Jingling Palace was constructed here to worship Yellow Emperor, but later was destroyed in war. Today, a park sits on the archaeological site with along with the tallest stone tablets in China.

Shaohao Mausoleum

Located in the northeast of Jiuxian Village east of Qufu City is the mausoleum of Shaohao, one of the five legendary emperors of China. The mausoleum was constructed with 10,000 stones in the shape of a pyramid, hence the name the “Pyramid of China,” or the “Hill of Ten Thousand Stones.” In the mausoleum, visitors can find several dozens stone tablets recording the sacrificial rites of the past ages, and a wordless tablet titled “Worries of 10,000 People.”

Nishan Hill

Legend has it that Confucius was born here. Today, tourists can find the Confucius Cave,Chuanshang Pavilion, Nishan Academy, Nishan Confucius Temple, and other historical sites in the hill.

Lord Zhou Temple

Lord Zhou was a famous politician of ancient China. The fourth son of King Wen of the ZhouDynasty, he assisted King Wu of Zhou in putting down Zhou twice, and ruled the country with ceremony, propriety, and music. In 1013 (the sixth year of the Dazong Xiangfu reign period of Emperor Zhenzong of the Song Dynasty) he was named as Prince Xian after his death, and the emperor issued a decree that a temple to Lord Zhou be constructed on the old site of the Imperial Ancestral Temple.

Lord Zhou Temple was renovated time and again in the Song, Yuan, Ming, and QingDynasties. Today, the temple includes nearly 30 halls and rooms, and three courtyards. All the halls, pavilions and memorial archways in the temple were constructed in the Ming andQing Dynasties, in addition to 35 tablets set up during the Song, Yuan, Ming, and Qing Dynasties.

Yan Temple

On the eastern side of the northern gate of Qufu, is the temple to honor Yan Hui, the most excellent disciple of Confucius. Yan Temple originally stood by Wuquan Village to the northeast of Qufu. In 1317 (the fourth year of the Yanyou reign period of the Yuan Dynasty), it was moved to the old residence of Yan Hui, and the construction of the temple was completed in 1328 (the first year of the Zhihe reign period of the Yuan Dynasty). The temple has five courtyards, 24 buildings, and 159 rooms, constructed in the Yuan, Ming, and QingDynasties.

Cemetery of Mencius’ Mother

Lying in Nanfu Village, the cemetery covers an area of almost a hundred acres. Mencius’ mother, whose surname is Zhang, was buried here, hence the name. Later, it became a cemetery of the Meng clan.  Mencius’ Mother was good at educating her son, having moved three times to find a good and educated neighbor for her son, In the Ming Dynasty, she was granted an honorable title.

The 2000-year-old cemetery has numerous tombs scattered in and at the foot of the mountain, and lushly grows pine and cypress trees. The tomb of Mencius’ mother sits behind a hall. In front of her tomb, there is a stone tablet, an altar, and stone incense burners.

Cemetery of Lord Liang

To the north of Fangshan Hill, east of the old city of Qufu, sits this cemetery, which is the resting place of Confucius’ father, Shu Lianghe and Yan Zhi. Because of his honorable son,Shu Lianghe was named as Duke of the state of Qi, and in the Yuan Dynasty, the Enlightenment Sage King. In front of the tomb of Confucius’ parents stand stone figures and animals. Confucius’ elder brother Mengpi was also buried here.

Han Tombs in Nine Dragon Mountain

Located on the precipices at the southern foot of Nine Dragon sit five Han tombs displaying the layout of the palace of Lu State. Though the tombs are over 1,900 years old, visitors can still clearly see the carving traces today.

Temple of Mencius

Also known as the Sacred Temple, the Temple of Mencius is located in Nanguan, Zoucheng City, and is where the emperors of the past ages offered sacrifices to Mencius. With the Second Sage Hall as the center, this rectangle temple has five courtyards, 64 halls, two imperial tablet pavilions, one wooden memorial archway, and over 350 tablets. The temple also includes a tablet to Mencius’ mother as well as ancient and lush large trees. A huge Chinese scholartree grows out of an ancient cypress—a miracle indeed.

Mansion of Mencius

Located in Zoucheng City, this is where the descendants of Mencius lived and handled official affairs. This mansion used to be a yamen (aka: ancient Chinese. It means government), and later became a residence. It features 116 halls and rooms, and is one of the best-preserved ancient architectures in China. Today, it contains a large number of excavated cultural relics, and the antiques left by the Mansion of Mencius.

Cemetery of Mencius

During the Kangxi reign period of the Qing Dynasty, this cemetery covered an area of 6.67 million square meters. In front of the cemetery, there is a sacred road, leading to the gate of Enjoyment Hall. Behind the hall is the tomb of Mencius, and about 300 meters from there is the tomb forMeng Sun, Ji Sun, and Shu Sun. Today, the cemetery has over 10,000 luxuriantly growing cypress trees, which were all planted in the Ming andQing Dynasties.

Travel tips: The admission ticket for each tourist is five yuan. After a tour of the Cemetery of Mencius, visitors may visit the Cemetery of Mencius’ Mother.

Prince Huang’s Mausoleum of the Ming Dynasty

Lying at the southern foot of Nine Dragon Mountain is the tomb of Zhu Tan, the 10th son of Emperor Taizu, Zhu Yuanzhang who was the founder of the Ming Dynasty. When Zhu Tan was only two months old, his father gave him the title of Prince Lu. At the age of 15, Zhu Tan took reign. Four years later, he began to believe in superstitions. Soon afterwards, he took the so-called elixirs of life by mistake, and died. Zhu Yuanzhang was so angry, he named him Prince Huang (Fool). The tomb chamber of Prince Huang and 12 descendants lies here along with a large number of cultural relics. Today, over 1,000 funerary objects are well preserved, many of which are rare treasures in China.

Yishan Mountain

Known in ancient China as Zouyi Mountain, or Zhuyi Mountain, Yishan Mountaini is a world-renowned historical and cultural mountain of China. Emperor Qin Shihuang, the first emperor of the Qin Dynasty, took the lead to come to Yishan Mountain to sacrifices heaven and earth. The emperors of the later dynasties followed suit, and famous men of letters vied with each other for a chance to come and admire the mountain. They left a large number of poems, articles, and inscriptions, and places of historic interest in the mountain, thus forming a spectacular Yishan culture.

Cliffside Inscriptions in Iron Mountain

Cliffside inscriptions are founded on a huge granite in Iron Mountain to the north of ZouchengCity. In accordance with the size, script, content, and locations, these inscriptions are divided in Vajracchedika-sutra, large-character inscriptions to praise the huge rock, and the inscriptions on the rocks. All were inscribed in 579 (the first year of the Daxiang reign period of the Northern Zhou Dynasty). The inscriptions on the huge rock show classic, perfect, and magnificent calligraphy works, which  match the stone inscriptions in Jingshi Ravine in Mt. Tai.

Cliffside Inscriptions in Steel Mountain

Located in Yinshan Ravine in Steel Mountain to the east of Zoucheng City, 24 stone inscriptions are scattered on precipices or rocks. The date carved on the rock is the “seventh month of the second year of the Daxiang reign period,” over 1,000 years ago.

Taibai Tower

Standing on the old city wall in the center of Jining City, is Taibai Tower, which was moved there in 1391 (the 24th year of the Hongwu reign period of the Ming Dynasty), and was later destroyed in war. It was rebuilt after the founding of the People’s Republic of China. Legend has it that Li Bai, a famous poet of the Tang Dynasty, once drank wine here when he visitedRencheng (present-day Jining). It is a key historical monument under Jining City protection with over 100 exhibits on display.

Jining Iron Pagoda

Located in the center of Jining City, the iron pagoda is a key historical monument under state protection. In accordance with her husband’s unfulfilled wish, the wife of Xu Yong’an had this pagoda cast with pig iron. Originally this iron pagoda had seven stories. In 1581 (the ninth year of the Wanli reign period of the Ming Dynasty), two stories were added. On the body of the pagoda, there is an inscription in regular script, reading: “Lady Chang had the pagoda cast according to her husband’s unfulfilled wish in the Yiyou year of the Chongning reign period of the Song Dynasty.”

Shengyuan Tower

Located on Iron Pagoda Temple Road, Jining City, Shengyuan Tower was first constructed in the Song Dynasty, and reconstructed in 1353 (the 13th year of the Zhizheng reign period of the Yuan Dynasty), and renovated in 1460. Visitors climb the tower, where there is a huge iron bell in the tower cast during the Song Dynasty.

The Wus Shrine

The Wus Shrine lies at the foot of Wuzhai Mountain in Jiaxiang County. In the temple, a stone inscription records that in the Eastern Han Dynasty the Wus of Jiaxiang County served as officials for generations. In 147 (the first year of the Jianhe reign period of Huan Emperor), the descendants of the Wus built this shrine in front of the tombs. In the shrine, visitors can find stone watchtowers, stone lions, tombstones, and portraits. Ouyang Xiu, a famous writer, and Zhao Mingcheng, an expert of inscriptions, of the Song Dynasty, wrote articles on theWus Shrine. Today, it is a key historical monument under state protection.

Weishan Lake

Located at the juncture of Shandong and Jiangsu provinces, Weishan Lake is the largest one in north China, and one of the ten major freshwater lakes in the country. It was named afterWeizi, whose name was Qi, and who was elder brother of the ruthless King Zhou of the Yin Dynasty. Weizi advised his younger brother to abandon evil and do good, but Zhou turned a deaf ear to him. Weizi was so angry that he left home. He was buried on Weishan Island after death. Later, a lake was formed, and was named after the island. On Weishan Island, there are three tombs, Weizi Tomb, Zhang Liang Tomb, and Muyi Tomb.

Travel tips: The best season for taking a tour of Weishan Lake is the seventh to ninth month by the lunar calendar, when the water area is covered with beautiful lotus flowers. When appreciating the lotus flowers on the lake, pay attention to safety rules.

Liangshan Mountain in the Marsh

Legend has it that at the end of the Northern Song Dynasty, Liangshan was the base area of a peasants’ uprising army led by Song Jiang as described in the classical novel The Outlaws of the Marsh. According to historical records, in the Northern Song Dynasty, LiangshanMountain was a low-lying area. When the Yellow River overflowed its bank, the mountain was surrounded by a vast water area. In the mountain, there are many historical sites left by SongJiang and his men, such as Song Jiang Stockade, Loyalty, and Righteousness Hall,Heifengkou, and Apricot Village. Today, visitors can also view the renovated gate, Song JiangHorse Way, Duanjin Pavilion, a statue of Li Kui at Heifengkou, Loyalty, and Righteousness Hall on Tiger Head Peak, and Jingzhong Temple, which houses the statues of 108 generals of the marsh.

Travel tips: The best season for viewing flowers is during March when thousands of fragrant apricot trees are in full bloom.

Shandong Jining Activities
Yishan Mountain

Come see the “majestic mountain of Shandong”, from which four rivers (Wen, Mi, Qi, and Shu) spring forth. The area is named and protected as a national forest, due to the ancient temples and gorgeous landscape that occupy it. Though the peak is 1032 meters above sea level, the ancient Great Wall of Qi was built up to the top.

Weishan Lake

Though the largest lake in all of Shandong, its fame stems from the beauty of the lake. Lotus flowers float on the surface, covering the lake. In summer, the flowers bloom and create a sight too extravagant to describe in words.

Six Classical Arts City and Apricot Altar Theater are the famous recreational centers in Jining and Qufu

Apricot Altar Theater

Located in the Qufu New Confucianism Central Area, the theater can hold audiences as large as 3,000 people. Watching performances in the theater, audiences can have a cross-time dialogue with Confucius. The theatre represents the architecture of Qufu, and is the largest and most magnificent theater in the areas north of the Yangtze River. Every evening, large-scale song and dance performances named The Sage’s Dream at the Apricot Altar are performed.

Address: In the middle of Datong Road, Qufu.
(opposite the Confucius Research Institute)

Tourism service telephone numbers:
Tourism complaints in Jining: 0537-2235006
Tourism complaints in Qufu: 0537-4423673
Tourism complaints in Zoucheng: 0537-5212713
Tourism complaints in Liangshan County: 0537-7322965
Qufu Tourism Consultancy Center: 0537-4414002

Address: Ticket Office of the Qufu Bus Station.

Six Classical Arts City

Located in Qufu, Six Classical Arts City, this year-round venue features  ancient music and dances to display the six classical arts upheld by Confucius (rites, music, archery, riding, writing, and arithmetic), to advocate extensive and profound Confucian culture, and present a benevolent, auspicious, and peaceful scene.

Address: 15 Chunqiu Road, Qufu
Tel: 0537-4494810

Shandong Jining Shopping

Shopping in Jining can be a lot of fun, as there is so much to choose from. Look around and you find anything from ancient currency to exquisite hand fans, not to mention a fresh supply of fruit and vegetables. Here are a few things we think you’ll enjoy

Rubbings from Stone Inscriptions

Qufu has over 5,000 steles of ancient China after the Western Han Dynasty. The Temple of Confucius mainly houses the tablets of the Han, Wei, and Northern Dynasties, of which the Liqi, Shchen, Yiying, Kongzhou, and Zhangmenglong tablets are the most famous. In addition Qufu boasts rubbings of the inscriptions by famous calligraphers of the past ages, such as Mi Fu, Zhao Mengfu, Dong Qichang, Weng Fanggang, and HeShaoji. In the antique shop of the Mansion of Confucius, visitors can find the rubbings of these famous calligraphers.


Delicious white wine is made locally in Jining using spring waters from Qufu. Stop by at the San Kong to pick a bottle!

Kai Wood Carvings

Jining is famous for its variety of wood sculptures made of Kai wood. In the Western Han Dynasty, Kong Teng, the ninth descendant of Confucius, intricately carved a beautiful stick with Kai wood. Later, the descendants of Confucius and local artisans carved  birds, animals, flowers, grasses, fish, screen racks, containers, and sticks, which were regarded as treasures and collected by imperial palaces, officials, and men of letters of the past ages.

Nishan Ink Slabs

Ink stones produced with stones from Nishan Mountain are called Nishan Ink Slabs. Orange in color, the stones have uneven light black lines. Because of wind erosion, the stones have many layers on the edge, hence the name “1,000-layer cake.” The stones are solid, fine, moist, smooth, and ideal for making ink slabs.

Four-nose Carp

This unique carp lives in Weishan Lake. With fine and smooth meat, the carp is very delicious, and contains 30 to 50 percent more protein than pork, and about 20 percent more protein than egg. It is a must-eat dish served at the banquets in the Weishan Lake area.

Gorgon Fruit

When this nutritious fruit, produced in Weishan Lake, is ripe, it looks like a cock’s head, hence another name “Cock Head Rice.” The soup prepared with Gorgon fruit is delicious and fragrant, and the fruit itself can also be used for medicinal purposes.

Mandarin Fish

The mandarin fish is a precious variety of fish living in Weishan Lake, which features little thorns, fine and tender meat, and a delicious taste.

Shopping Streets and Firms

The main shopping streets of Jining include Qufu Queli Small Commodity Street, Five Horse Temple Street, and Qufu Antique Shop.

Qufu Queli Small Commodity Street

Located on the eastern side of the Temple of Confucius, the street features nearly 1,000 stalls, mainly selling the statues of Confucius, books by Confucius, food prepared by the Mansion of Confucius, rubbings, calligraphy, paintings, jade objects, ink slabs, pottery and porcelain, handicrafts, clothes, calligraphy, paintings, wood carvings, and jewelry.

Qufu Antique Shop

Located in the middle of Gulou Street, the shop sells mainly calligraphy, painting, jade objects, ink slabs, pottery, porcelain, ivory, bamboo, wood carvings, and rubbings of Han stone frescoes, and Han and Wei tablets in the Temple of Confucius.

Shandong Jining Planning

Qufu, Zoucheng, Liangshan, Weishan, Jiaxiang, and Sishui all have convenient transport facilities by air, water, and land. They are linked by the Yanzhou-Jining and Jining-Heze railways; and are connected with the Beijing-Shanghai Railway in the east, the Beijing-Kowloon and Lianyungang-Lanzhou railways in the west, in addition to crisscrossed highways. Along the Grand Canal, tourists can go to any port on the Yangtze River. Scheduled flights also travel regularly from Jining to Beijing and to Foshan.

In addition, Jining, Qufu, Zoucheng, Weishan, and Liangshan offer special tourist routes. Tourist buses and public buses travel directly to all the tourist attractions, and taxis are available. Qufu also has horse-drawn carts in the style of the ancients and tricycles, an added delight in the ancient city.

Airline information: 0537-2315204
Train information: 0537-3462522
Bus information: 0537-2312351